研究著作內容
Is Foveated Rendering Perceivable in Virtual Reality? Exploring the Efficiency and Consistency ofality Assessment Methods
(NOTE: Sheng-Wei Chen is also known as Kuan-Ta Chen.)

Abstract
Foveated rendering leverages human visual systemto increase video quality under limited computing resources for Virtual Reality (VR). More specifically, it increases the frame rate and the video quality of the foveal vision via lowering the resolution of the peripheral vision. Optimizing foveated rendering systems is, however, not an easy task, because there are numerous parameters that need to be carefully chosen, such as the number of layers, the eccentricity degrees, and the resolution of the peripheral region. Furthermore, there is no standard and efficient way to evaluate the Quality of Experiment (QoE) of foveated rendering systems. In this paper, we propose a framework to compare the performance of different subjective assessment methods on foveated rendering systems. We consider two performancemetrics: efficiency and consistency, using the perceptual ratio, which is the probability of the foveated rendering is perceivable by users. A regression model is proposed to model the relationship between the human perceived quality and foveated rendering parameters. Our comprehensive study and analysis reveal several insights: 1) there is no absolute superior subjective assessment method, 2) subjects need to make more observations to confirm the foveated rendering is imperceptible than perceptible, 3) subjects barely notice the foveated rendering with an eccentricity degree of 7.5.+ and peripheral region of a resolution of 540p+, and 4) QoE levels are highly dependent on the individuals and scenes. Our findings are crucial for optimizing the foveated rendering systems for future VR applications.

Materials
Citation
Chih-Fan Hsu, Anthony Chen, Cheng-Hsin Hsu, Chun-Ying Huang, Chin-Laung Lei, and Kuan-Ta Chen, "Is Foveated Rendering Perceivable in Virtual Reality? Exploring the Efficiency and Consistency ofality Assessment Methods," In Proceedings of ACM Multimedia 2017, Oct 2017.

BibTex
@INPROCEEDINGS{hsu17:is_foveated_rendering_perceivable,
  AUTHOR     = {Chih-Fan Hsu and Anthony Chen and Cheng-Hsin Hsu and Chun-Ying Huang and Chin-Laung Lei and Kuan-Ta Chen},
  TITLE      = {Is Foveated Rendering Perceivable in Virtual Reality? Exploring the Efficiency and Consistency ofality Assessment Methods},
  BOOKTITLE  = {Proceedings of ACM Multimedia 2017},
  MONTH      = {Oct},
  YEAR       = {2017}
}